A Literature Guide to Planning and Implementing the Risk-based End State Program

A Literature Guide supporting the Planning and Implementation of a Risk-based End State Program:

A Report prepared for the Department of Energy by The Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation II

This guide is intended to present the reader with a set of quality peer reviewed literature that will aid the readers’ understanding of human and ecological risk involved in DOE’s cleanup efforts in “achieving clearly defined, risk-based end states” as stated in the EM’s Cleanup Driven by Risk Based End States Policy found on the DOE Office of Environmental Management Risk-based End State Cleanup Project web site. As an aid in understanding the material in the report CRESP has developed a course where a series of discussions will be held that will explore key concepts in RBES.

Over 200 articles were selected in the areas of risk assessment, risk management, risk communication, relationship of risk to regulation, as well as general introductory articles giving the reader a background in understanding risk concepts.

16 key articles were selected from the larger set of articles because of their accessibility to a general audience, relevance to DOE risk issues and their relevance to the key concept areas.

This list of articles (See below and available in full text as part of CRESP course) is meant only as a starting point and should be critiqued, updated and shaped to meet the informational needs of the department and its stakeholders. The abstracts of several other directly relevant articles have also been provided in the literature guide. A complete listing of the articles selected through this process is also available.


Key Articles

Introductory Articles
  • The Presidential / Congressional Commission on Risk Assessment and Risk Management. “Framework for environmental health risk management: Final Report”, (1997) Volume 1. Full Text Available
  • McClellan, R.O. “Risk assessment: Replacing default options with specific science.” Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 9, no.1 (2003): 421-438. [Abstract]
Risk Assessment
  • Kosson, D.S., H.A. vander Sloot, F. Sanchez and A.C. Garrabrants. “An Integrated Framework for Evaluating Leaching in Waste Management and Utilization of Secondary Materials.” Environmental Engineering Science 19, no.3: (2002): 159-204. [Abstract]
  • Regens, .J.L., K.R. Obenshain, et al. “Conceptual site models and multimedia modeling: Comparing MEPAS, MMSOILS, and RESRAD.” Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 8, no.2: (2002): 391-403.[Abstract]
  • Jones, D., S. Domotor, et al. “Principles and issues in radiological ecological risk assessment.” Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 66 no. 1-2 (2003): 19-39. [Abstract]
  • Lioy, P. “Assessing total human exposure to contaminants: A multidisciplinary Approach.” Environmental Science and Technology 24, no. 7 (1990): 938-945. [Abstract]
Risk Management – End State Definition
  • Bonano, E.J., and G.E. Apostolakis. “Application of risk assessment and decision analysis to the evaluation, ranking and selection of environmental remediation alternatives.” Journal of Hazardous Materials 71 (2000): 35-57. Abstract
  • Burger, J. “Stewardship and Future Land Use at a Department of Energy Site: Does Self-Interest Determine Ratings?” Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health – Part A 63, no. 5 (2001): 383-395. [Abstract]
  • Greenberg M, J. Burger, C. Powers, T. Leschine, K Lowrie, B. Friedlander, E. Faustman,W. Griffith, and D. Kosson. “Choosing remediation and waste management options at hazardous and radioactive waste sites,” Remediation. Winter, (2002a): 39-58. [Abstract]
  • Kavanaugh, M.C. “Overview of the management of contaminated sites in the U.S:Tthe conflict between technology and public policy. Waste Science and Technology 34, no. 7-8 pt 4 (1996): 275-283. [Abstract]
Risk Management – End State Implementation
  • Zhu, Y.G. and G. Shaw. “Soil contamination with radionuclides and potential remediation.” Chemosphere 41, (2000): 121-128. [Abstract]
  • Burger, J. “Incorporating Ecology and Ecological Risk into Long-term Stewardship on Contaminated Sites.” Remediation (2002): 107-119. [Abstract]
Risk Communication
  • Carnes, S.A., M. Schweitzer, E.B. Peelle, A.K. Wolfe, and J.F. Munro. “Measuring the success of public participation on environmental restoration and waste management activities in the U.S. Department of Energy.” Technology in Society 20 (1998): 385-406. [Abstract]
  • Chess, C. and K. Purcell. “Public participation and the environment: Do we know what works?” Environmental Science & Technology 33 (16),(1999): 2685-2692. [Abstract]
Relationship of Risk to Regulation
  • Geisinger, A. “Rethinking Risk-Based Environmental Cleanup.” Indiana Law Journal 376 (2001): 367-402. [Abstract]
  • Stewart, R.B. “Environmental Regulatory Decision making under Uncertainty”. In An Introduction to the Law and Economics of Environmental Policy: Issues in Institutional Design, Volume 20: 71-126. [Abstract]
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  • Concepts in Peer Reviewed Literature for a Risk-based End States Cleanup Program